Wabi and Sabi, Japanese unique sense of art

(Last Updated On: 14/06/2019)
The garden of Saiho-ji Temple in Kyoto

Wabi and Sabi are words that express the sense of beauty unique to Japan and are often referred to in one word as “wabi-sabi”. However, they are words that originally have different meanings. In fact, both words expressed negative feelings. Gradually, Wabi and Sabi  became popular in the world of the tea ceremony and the literary world such as haiku as a term representing beauty. It can be said that it is a Japanese unique sense of beauty and culture.

What is "Wabi" (侘び)?

Kiyomizu-kyo yaki ware. Japanese aka raku Matcha chawan teabowl Zuisho with paper box. Ceramic. kymz-TRY455

Kyoto-Kiyomizu ware Matcha bowl

Since the middle of the Muromachi period (1336-1573), a ceremony called cha-no-yu, where a master treats Matcha tea to guests had been established. The style of the ceremony developed on two completely opposite way. One is prosperous with luxury tea utensils, and other is with simple pottery in a small room. The person who ultimately enhanced this simple tea ceremony was Sen no Rikyu (1522-1591).

The spirit of his tea ceremony was to think positively about material inconveniences and deficiencies and to enjoy a simple and quiet life. It is “Wabi” and the tea ceremony is also called Wabi-cha (Wabi tea).

The word wabi was originally a verb, wabu which means to lament the incomparable inferiority or deficiency. But Rikyu found beauty there.

Matcha bowls of Japanese traditional pottery 

What is "Sabi" (寂び)?

NInna-ji Temple in Kyoto

Sabi is a word that expresses quaintness and loneliness with aging. While Wabi points to the state as it is, Sabi pursues the beauty that exudes from it.

Sabi is an important concept, especially for haiku poetry. In the world of haiku that Matsuo Susumu established, Sabi is not a superficial thing such as the subject or expression method, but it means how the author recognized the object of poetry and expressed his feelings.

Matsuo Basho’s four seasons haiku poems


Landscape by Sesshu Toyo

Wabi’s spirit and Sabi’s spirit developed in different fields. But it has become so-called “Wabi-Sabi” to find beauty in something that makes you feel calm and loneliness while being simple. You would feel the sense of the beauty of the Wabi-Sabi in Japanese temples, rock garden (Kare-sansui) and ink paintings.

See the landscape ink painting of Autumn and Winter by Sesshu Toyo





Historical and Other Considerations

  • A History of Obfuscation
  • A Provisional Definition
  • A Comparison with Modernism
  • A Brief History

The Wabi-Sabi Universe

  • The Metaphysical Basis of Wabi-Sabi
  • Wabi-Sabi Spiritual Values
  • The Wabi-Sabi State of Mind
  • Wabi-Sabi Moral Precepts
  • The Material Qualities of Wabi-Sabi


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