Just after the success of “Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji”, popular ukiyo-e artist among Edo people, Katsushika Hokusai (1760-1849) produced the famous waterfalls ukiyo-e series “A Tour of the Waterfalls of the Provinces” from 1833 to 1837.
When he drew the pitcures, he used the name of “former Hokusai and Iitsu” for the signature. Because he give Hokusai to his disciple and took new name Iitsu(為一).
In the prints series, he showed the eight famous falls in Japan. They depict not only the place of scenic beauty, but also the lives of people who was familiar to the waterside.
Garalley of "A Tour of the Waterfalls of the Provinces"
Ono Falls on the Kiso Kaido Road
Some of the Shinto ascetics did the water discipline under the Ono Falls(小野の滝). Utagawa Hiroshig (1797-1858) also drew the waterfalls as Agematsu in the series of “Sixty-Nine Stations of the Nakasendō (木曽街道六十九次).
Amida Falls in the Depth of Kiso Road
The hight of the Amida Falls(阿弥陀の滝) is 80m. The name originated from that one monk prayed in the near cave, and Amida-nyorai appeared. We can see the stream through the round shape.
Yoro Falls in Mino Province
This waterfall is located in Yoro Town, Yoro County, Gifu Prefecture, and is famous for the legend of a poor but filial lumberjack who gave this water to his old father, who turned it into sake. Today, this waterfall is also a famous place selected as one of the 100 best waterfalls and one of the 100 best waterfalls in Japan.
Roben Falls at Oyama in Sagami Province
Many Edo people visit Oyama Mountain in Kanagawa prefecture to pray. Before they climb the mountain, they did the water discipline under the Roben Falls at the foot for purifying.
Kirifuri Falls at Mt. Kurokami in Shimotsuke Province
One of the big three waterfalls in Nikko. The tourists enjoyed the falls before they visit Toshogu Shrine.
The Buddhist Temples of World Heritage Site in Nikko and other regions
Yoshitsune Horse-wash Falls at Yoshino, Yamato Province
The falls have the story that Minamoto Yoshitsune (源義経), the brother of the founder of Kamakura shogunate, washed his horse with the water. The traveler in Edo Period also would have done as the same.
Aoigaoka Falls in the Eastern Capital
Aoigaoka Falls (葵ヶ岡の滝) at Akasaka, Edo don’t exist now. It would be not much of a falls, but Edo people might have love it.
Kiyotaki Kannon at Sakanoshita on the Tokai Road
It was said that the Buddha statue of Amida-nyorai, Juichimen-kannon, and Zizo-bosatsu was placed near the falls. So a lot of visitor saw Kiyotaki (清滝) in Edo Period.