Japanese Kamakura scultupure, Spring Lecture of Mary Griggs Burke Center

SPRING LECTURE SERIES: INVENTION AND REVIVAL: THE KEI SCHOOL AND KAMAKURA SCULPTURE, at the Mary Griggs Burke Center for Japanese Art <figure> <a data-elementor-open-lightbox=”default” href=”https://www.masterpiece-of-japanese-culture.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/397px-Kofukuji_Hokuendo_Muchaku_Unkei_detail.jpg”> <img width=”397″ height=”599″ src=”https://www.masterpiece-of-japanese-culture.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/397px-Kofukuji_Hokuendo_Muchaku_Unkei_detail.jpg” alt=”” srcset=”https://i0.wp.com/www.masterpiece-of-japanese-culture.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/397px-Kofukuji_Hokuendo_Muchaku_Unkei_detail.jpg?w=397&amp;ssl=1 397w, https://i0.wp.com/www.masterpiece-of-japanese-culture.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/397px-Kofukuji_Hokuendo_Muchaku_Unkei_detail.jpg?resize=199%2C300&amp;ssl=1 199w, https://i0.wp.com/www.masterpiece-of-japanese-culture.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/397px-Kofukuji_Hokuendo_Muchaku_Unkei_detail.jpg?resize=99%2C150&amp;ssl=1 99w” sizes=”(max-width: 397px) 100vw, 397px” /> </a> <figcaption>Mujaku bosatsu (Asanga), by Unkei, National Treasure; Kamakura period, ca. 1212. Kōfukuji, Nara.</figcaption> </figure> <br /><!– Japa Link Unit 2 –><br /><ins style=”display: block;” data-ad-client=”ca-pub-2105416879233547″ data-ad-slot=”3791981835″ data-ad-format=”link” data-full-width-responsive=”true”></ins><br /> The Kei school was a group of sculptors of Buddha statues that continued until the Edo Period and became the mainstream of Buddha statue making from the end of the Heian Period (794-1185) to the Kamakura Period (1185-1333). The Read more about Japanese Kamakura scultupure, Spring Lecture of Mary Griggs Burke Center[…]

Buddhism temples in Nikko, around Koyasan, Iwami and Hiraizumi

Temples in Nikko, Kii Mountain Range, Iwami Ginzan, and Hiraizumi Certainly, these sightseeing spots would  less attract attention from the tourists comparing to Kyoto or Nara.   But you can enjoy the temples as well as the scenery surrounding them. The leaders in each period built temples in the capitals to protect the city and the nation. On the other hand, high priests and the lord of a manor established the Buddhist buildings as to harmonize with nature.     Japanese people had believed the religion of nature that formed Shinto since the ancient time. So they thought nature had a special power and tried to coexist with the mountains, the seas, and Read more about Buddhism temples in Nikko, around Koyasan, Iwami and Hiraizumi[…]


Myoo(Vidyā-rāja) of Japanese Buddha statue

Unlike other Buddha statue, Myoo express rage on the face. Because the gods follow the order of Dainichi-nyorai to make people who deny Buddhism submit and believe in. In addition to the expression, they have dynamic power with a roaring fire and various weapons. Sponsored Links   As the connection to Dainichi-nyorai, we can’t find the position of Myoo except in esoteric Buddhism. “Myo”(明) means mantra and the other”O”(王)  represents king.         Sponsored Links   Sponsored Links Back to the page of Buddha statue

Japanese culture in Nara Period. The Tenpyo Culture

Nara Period and the ancient capital, Heijo-kyo In 710, the capital in Asuka Period was moved to Nara. It was the end of Asuka Period and the start of the completely different time. The new capital was named as Heijo-kyo(平城京). And the leaders at that time planned to imitate the regime of China. So they made Heijo-kyo resembled Chang’an.       In 630, the Japanese Imperial Court sent an envoy to Tang Dynasty China before the moving to Heijo-kyo. Due to the diverse cultures from China and other countries flew into Japan. At the era of Emperor Shomu(聖武天皇), the influence of other countries caused a new culture, Tenpyo Culture(天平文化).             Read more about Japanese culture in Nara Period. The Tenpyo Culture[…]

Buddha statue

The physical features of Buddha

  There are some arguments when Buddha was born and dead. His birth is thought as from B.C. 7th to B.C. 5 and it is said he died at eighty. After his passing away, people had worshiped his bones, stupa(tomb), and footprints as a religious object for decades. Beefing up as a religion,  the leaders of Buddhism designed new things of an idol,  for replacing Buddha’s belongings. That was the origin of Buddha statue.     But most of them didn’t know his physical feature as time had too much gone by and made up Buddha statue with idealization and imagination. In the process, they decided the thirty-two big and the eighty Read more about The physical features of Buddha[…]

Bosatsu (Bodhisattva) of Japanese Buddha statue

  A Buddha statue of Bosatsu  represents a figure of Buddha when he sought enlightenment. In Sanskrit language, Bosatsu is called as “Bodhisattvaa“. Sponsored Links     “Bodhi” means enlightenment and “sattvaa” is who lives. He is in the stage of trainning to be Nyorai who achieves it. Because he had been a prince of a royal family in ancient India, he had worn many accessories.   Related Post Nyorai(Tathāgata) for Japanese Buddha statue         Sponsored Links       Back to the page of Buddha statue

Buddhist temples in Nara. World Heritage

In the early history of Japan, Nara prefecture was the center of the politics, the culture and the economy in Yamato Period, Asuka Period and Nara Period. Japanese people just believed their animism, the origine of “Shinto”(神道) until Asuka Period.     It is said that Seong of Baekje, the ancient king of the  country in Korean Peninsula, presented the Buddha statue and the satras for Emperor Kimmei in 552.(learn about Buddha statue)   After the conflict between the pros and cons for the accepting of it, Buddhism was settled as a state religion since then. That is the reason there are many old Buddha temples in Nara.  There are seven Read more about Buddhist temples in Nara. World Heritage[…]

The Great Buddha at Todaiji

Nyorai(Tathāgata) for Japanese Buddha statue

  “Nyorai” (如来)is the figure of the Buddha(Shakyamuni), who achieved enlightenment. The statues represent the figure of him. When you want to distinguish whether a statue is Buddha’s figure or not, 32 distinct physical features and 80 fine one, “Sanjunisou-Hachijishukou“(三十二相八十種好) will help you. After the trainning, “Bosatsu”(菩薩) is finally able to be the eminence and bocome Nyorai.(learn more about Bosatsu) Sponsored Links     But in Japan, the dogma of Buddhism really branched off  many ways through the history. Along with it, several types of Nyorai showed up and became to take on each role. There are four major kinds of it, including Shaka-Nyorai, Amida-nyorai, Yakushi-nyorai, and Dainichi-nyorai.             Read more about Nyorai(Tathāgata) for Japanese Buddha statue[…]

Horyuji temple. Nara World Heritage Site.

Asuka Period and it’s culture

What’s Asuka Period?   The term of ancient Asuka Period began in 592 and ended in 710. “Asuka” is the southern area of Nara Prefecture.         In this period, Buddhism was the most essencial things of the culture. With Buddha statue, the religion had  already came to Japan in the middle of 6th. And the two powerful family, Soga clan(蘇我氏) and Mononobe clan(物部氏) fought with each other whether accepting it or not.     Shotoku Taishi       Shotoku Taishi(聖徳太子) and Soga clan supported Buddhism and Mononobe clan was opposed to. In 587, when Shotoku Taishi was therteen years old, he and Soga clan beat Mononobe clan. It directed Read more about Asuka Period and it’s culture[…]

Japanese tradtional craft products

            Buddha statue means literally that the appearance of Buddha. But it comprises the whole of Buddhism sculptures and castings. Buddha statue has the four classes.   “The Nihon-shoki” said that Seong of Baekje presented Buddha statue and satras for Emperor Kimmei in 552. The Buddha statue was thought that placed at Zenkoji-Temple, in Nagano prefecture. The moment was a introduction of Buddhism for Japan. At first, the opinion whether accepting Buddhism or not was devided and it leaded to the wars.   Click!   But after the wars, Shoutoku-taishi promoted its spreading around Japan. Since then, enormous number of Buddha statues have provide peaceful feeling to people throughout Read more about Japanese tradtional craft products[…]