The way to discriminate a statue whether Buddha or not
There are some arguments when Buddha was born and dead. His birth is thought as from B.C. 7th to B.C. 5 and it is said he died at eighty. After his passing away, people had worshiped his bones, stupa(tomb), and footprints as a religious object for decades. Beefing up as a religion, the leaders of Buddhism designed new things of an idol, for replacing Buddha’s belongings. That was the origin of Buddha statue.
But most of them didn’t know his physical feature as time had too much gone by and made up Buddha statue with idealization and imagination. In the process, they decided the thirty-two big and the eighty tiny common features of Buddha statue, “Sanjuni-so Hachiju-shuko”(三十二相八十種好).
Though there is no one which has a shape of them perfectly, we can recognize that the sculpture is a figure of Buddha by Sanjuni-so Hachiju-shuko. The features are mostly for Nyorai, but Bosatsu also has some of them. Because they are Buddha itself but Myoo and Tenbu are the guradians for him.
The thirty-two features of Buddha
The sole is really flat and stable.
The patterns of the ring are on the soles and hands.
The slender fingers.
The big heels.
The webbed fingers of the foot and hands.
The soft and rudy foot and hands.
The arched insteps.
The slim knees like a deer.
The long arms.
The Inconspicuous penis like a horse.
The length of outstretched arms is same to the height .
The turned-up and clockwise twining hair.
The every pores have a hair.
The whole faintly golden body.
The three meter shine in four directions.
The thin skin.
The plump and soft hands, foot, shoulder, and neck.
The plump and soft armpits
The dignity upper body like a lion.
The big and heavy body.
The well-rounded shoulder.
The forty white and clean teeth.
The orderly and uniformity teeth.
The four sharp and solid canines.
The swollen cheek like a lion.
The tongue can taste everything good.
The soft, wide, and long tong which can cover most of the face.
The big and beautiful voice which moves people’s hearts.
The deep Prussian blue eyes.
The long and beautiful eyelashes like a cow.
The raised top of the head.
The clockwise twining white hair between the eyebrows.